Zainuddin Ali Khan, known as Ali Jah, eldest son ofBabar Ali, succeeded his father and received letters of Congratulations and friendly assurances from Lord Minto 4th Earl of Minto (the Governor General). His succession was not without dispute, as Munny Begum had nominated Syud Abul Kasim Khan, second son of Mubarak-ud-Daulla. Mr Richard Roche, who was then in charge of the Nizamat affairs was directed to attend at theMasnad and confer the Nawab with the Subahdari of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. The 5th of June, 1810 AD, was the auspicious day fixed for the ceremony, when in the presence of all the nobles of the city, the proclamation was read in open Durbar and it was announced that the Company would not flinch from helping the Nawab. The usual presentation ofKhilluts then took place. The stipend of Rs 16,00,000 was continued and the Governor General offered to give his best counsel and exert his friendly aid in supporting the rank, dignity and welfare of the Nawab. Ali Jah received the title of "Shuja-ul-Mulk, Mubarak-ud-Daulla, Ali Jah, Feroze Jang (Hero of the Country, Auspicious to the State, of higher rank, Victor in War)".
Lately Ali Jah was in indifferent health and proceeded to Mongyer on excursion for a change. Returning from Mongyer he went to Champapukur
, and then to Farah Bagh
, where he resided in a bungalow close to the river bank for seven to eight days, during which he appeared greatly emaciated from his protracted illness. He wrote for permission to go to Calcutta. Mr Russell, the Agent to the Governor General and Dr Smith, the Civil Surgeon, came to see him. They and were fetched from the opposite side of the river bhagirathi by a boat which the Nawab had directed Raja Udwant Singh Bahadur (the Dewan) to arrange. Mr Russell delivered to His Highness the Governor General's letter conveying His Lordship's assent to the Nawab's proceeding to Calcutta. On 31st
July, 1821 AD, Ali Jah left the bungalow and was rowed down towardsAmaniganj
. On the 4th
of August, he performed the religious exercises of seeking pardon of God and directed that after his death those Khawases
, who attended upon him, should wash and purify his body and after clothing him with the winding sheet of Karbala should burry him.
On the morning of the 6th
August 1821, Mr. Russell
and Raja Udwant Singh
were by the side of the expiring Nawab. He sent for his brother, Wala Jah
, who came to the pinnace and fell down at his feet, shedding tears. Dr Smith
arrived later and Ali Jah asked the people to retire and at seven in the evening he expired. Ali Jah was very fond of music, and he himself was a great musician. He was an expert marksman, and was very fond of shooting. He was extremely kind, liberal, and generous. He left three daughters, but no son.go top
Family Tree :: Najafi Dynasty
Ali Jah married (first) Bahu Begum
(She died at Murshidabad on 24th October 1849 and burrried at Jafarganj).
Married (second) in 1816, Amir-un-nisa
Dulhan Begum Sahiba (Gaddinashin Begum
, She died at Murshidabad on 21st January 1858),
daughter of Intizam ul-Mulk, Iftikhar ud-Daula, Nawab Syud Akbar Ali Khan Bahadur, Shamsher Jang by his wife
Lutf-un-nisa Begum Sahiba (daughter of Mubarak-ud-Daulla Nawab Syud Mubaraq Ali Khan Bahadur).Mut'ah
wives (i) Azim-un-nisa Khanum
. (ii) Feroza Khanum
(a) Bibi Lutf-un-nisa
] (She died before 22nd April 1835).
(b) Bibi Rahat-un-nisa
(She died at Murshidabad in 1835).
(c) Bibi Turbat-un-nisa
(d) Bibi Zinat-un-nisa
(e) Bibi Azim-un-nisa
]. He had three daughters.
- H.H. Nawab Khurshid Mahal Umdat-un-nisa Begum Sahiba. She was born at Mubarak Mahal, Murshidabad on 1810 (d/o Azim-un-nisa Khanum). Married with Humayun Jah (only son of Wala Jah and Najib-un-nisa Begum Sahiba) at Murshidabad Palace on 22nd February 1826, as his principal wife.
- Sahibzadi Husaini Begum (d/o Bibi Lutf-un-nisa)
- Sahibzadi Wazir-un-nisa Begum (d/o Bibi Zinat-un-nisa)
LettersExtract from Paragraph 7 of Letter of February 8th, 1813, from the Private Secretary
to Government, to the Superintendent of Nizamat Affairs.
"You may state, as the ruling principle adopted in the most unqualified manner by the Governor General
in Council, that no part of Munny Begum's property should, in any event, be appropriated to the use or benefit
of the Company, but that the whole, without any reservation, shall be faithfully applied to the personal
advantage of his Highness, to that of the principal members of his family, and to the general accommodation of the Nizamat
".Letter from John Monckton, Esq., Agent, Governor-General, to John Adam, Esq., Acting
Chief Secretary to Government, dated December 26th, 1816.
Paragraph 15. "The sum of Rs. 16,053 being deducted from the property found in the late Munny
Begum's apartments, the treasure which actually belonged to her Highness, amounted to Rs. 14,85,454-12-0
out of which has been deducted Rs. 8,58,043-14-8, and a further sum of Rs. 44,650, resumed for the purpose
of redeeming jewels mortgaged on bond, to the amount of Rs. 50,000, leaving a surplus of Rs. 5,82,760-13-4,
which has been formally made over to his Highness, together with the whole of the jewels, gold and silver
utensils, and other property, amounting, collectively, to about Rs. 8,50,000. Thus, by the death of her Higness
the Munny Begum, the Nawab has acquired personal property to the extent of nearly fifteen lakhs of Rupees,
besides the possession of lands and houses, and the chawk [market] adjoining the Palace, which alone yields a
revenue of Rs. 12,000 per annum
".Extract from Letter from the Acting Secretary to Government to John Monckton, Esq.,
Agent, Governor General, dated January 4th, 1817.
2. "The Governor General in Council has derived satisfaction from learning that the transfer of the
treasure of the late Munny Begum after effecting the prescribed deductions, and of the other valuable,
property of the Begum, to the Nawab, has been effected in a manner entirely satisfactory and acceptable to
His Highness. Your proceedings with regard to the property ascertained to belong to the Nawasi Begum
were entirely proper and consistent with equity, and the Governor General in Council approves and confirms
the arrangement you adopted for compensating to the Nawab for the deduction of that sum from what he had
been taught to expect was the amount of the Munny Begum's treasure by charging the resources of the Nizamat
with the payment of the sum awarded to the wife of Shums-ud-Dowlla on account of the interest on the
amount of the stoppages of her stipend