Hazarduari Palace - Lalbagh হাজার দুয়ারি, লালবাগ
The most conspicuous building in Murshidabad is the Hazarduari Palace built by Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah (হুমায়ুন জাঁ), which stands on the bank of the Bhagirathi. It was designed and built under the supervision of Colonel Duncan McLeod of the Bengal Corps of Engineers (father of Sir Donald McLeod); the foundation stone was laid in 9th August 1829, and the building was completed in 1837. The Palace itself is called the Bara Kothi or Hazarduari, i.e. the house with a thousand doors, and the enclosure within which it is situated is known as the Nizamat Kila. This contains, in addition to the Palace, the Imambara, the Madina Mosque, a Clock Tower, three mosques and residential and other quarters. It is entered by several large gates bearing different names, such as Dakshin Darwaza, Chawk and Imambara. The main gates have Naubat Khanas or musicians galleries over them, and the entrances are large and high enough for an elephant to pass with a howdah on its back.

The Palace is a three storied building, rectangular on plan (424 feet Long and 200 feet broad and 80 feet high). The building is an excellent example of Indo-European architecture, strongly reminiscent of Italian style, as seen in its huge flight of stairs in front (perhaps the largest in India), in the Colossal pillars and also in the facet of the building. 37 steps of stone, the lowermost one of which is 108 feet long, lead up to the upper portico; 7 stately pillars, the perimeter of each of which, at the base is 18 feet, support the pediment, in the tympanum of which is the Nawabi Coat of Arms and Unicorn. On either side, at the foot of the grand staircase, is a masonry lion in sitting posture, at the back of which are stone slabs embedded in the walls of the pedestals for tripple lamp posts. The Palace was used for holding the "Durbar" or meetings and other official work of the Nawabs as also for the residents of the high ranking British Officials. It now houses a Museum displaying the collection of Nawabs consisting of extremely rich collection of antiquarian remains which include arms and weapons, paintings of Dutch, Flemish, French, English and Italian artists, bronze and marble statues, costumes and jewelry, palanquins and carriages, objects of gold, silver and ivory besides beautiful, ceramic vases, wooden furniture's, cut-glass chandeliers belonging mostly to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

On the ground floor of the Palace are the Toshakhana, armoury, offices and record rooms; on the first floor are the Durbar Hall or throne-room, banqueting hall, drawing room, sitting rooms and billiard room. The second floor contains a ball room, library, committee room, portrait gallery, bedrooms, etc. The Durbar Hall is crowned by a dome 63 feet high, from which hangs a magnificent candelabrum with 96 lamps. The palace contains many artistic treasures, rare pictures, costly jewelry, old arms, wonderful copies of the Koran, etc. Many of the most interesting objects have been lent to the Victoria Memorial, at Kolkata.

There are four inner stair cases of peculiar construction, consisting of 76 steps each, all but two of which are paved with stone and protected by rails topped by well-polished mahogany. The steps and the stairs are to all appearances, supportless at the exterior ends. These lead up to the corridors. At the corners, are four spiral staircases for servants. The uppermost staircase leads to the roof, from which a beautiful panoramic view is obtained of the Fort and the surrounding. The exterior walls of the ground floor are over 6 feet wide. The Toshakhana, the Armoury, the Record Rooms are located on the ground floor. The whole building is divided into three blocks connected by corridors and rooms. Between the central and each of the two blocks, on the east and the west, are two open quadrangles planted with crotons. An iron railing runs round the edifice, the ground between being laid out in gardens or lawns. The halls, corridors and rooms throughout, are commodious and handsome and are fitted up with matchless splendor. The decorations are rich and gorgeous; the embellishments and furniture are of corresponding elegance and unite every thing that is good and lovely.

The main attractions of this historical three storied Palace is now maintained and supervised by the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) [1], a Department of the Government of India. The Office of the Chief Archeologist is on the ground floor of this building. The ground floor includes Armoury, Record room etc. The Armoury has 2700 arms in its collections of which only few are displayed. Swords used by Siraj-ud-Daulla (সিরাজ-উদ-দৌল্লা) and his grandfather, Nawab Alivardi Khan (আলীবর্দী খাঁ), can be seen here. The other attractions in this floor are Vintage Cars and Fittan Cars used by the Nawabs and their families. The great Durbar Hall is in the second floor. In it is present the throne of the Nawabs. The 'Durbar Hall' with its lofty doom (63 feet height) adorned with fine stucco (kind of plaster or cement used for covering and decorating wall surfaces) ornamentation, is the most attractive feature of this monument. The room also has large flower vases and huge marble candle stands. A room adjacent to the Durbar Hall is the Billiard Room, which has Billiard and Chess boards where the Nawabs used to spend their leisure hours.

The second floor has in it the Library, rare art collections, Utensils, Howdas and Palanquins besides many other things. The rare art collections include "The Burial of Sir John Moor", "Adam and Eve", "Black Bent" etc. of these painting , the "Burial of Sir John Moor" is the only existing one in the World. Visitors are not allowed to enter the Library keeping in view the safety and security of the rare collections. The Library contains more than three thousand manuscripts in Arabic, Persian and Urdu and about 12000 books in English, Arabic and Persian languages It has in it's collection the whole British Constitution, a large Album having length about 4 feet and breadth about 3 feet and weighing about 20 kg, the Holy Koran written in hand by the famous writer of Bagdad, Haroon-Al-Rashid. However, the most precious collections of this library are the original copy of Ain-E-Akbari and Akbarnamah written by Abul Fazal (court poet of the Great Mughal Emperor Akbar) and a Holy Koran written by Aurangzeb. The calligraphy of this holy Koran has been done with gold water and it's a master piece collection. The library has a wide range of collections of the holy Koran, having size as small as two inches to as big as two feet in length. Various manuscripts, letters, maps etc. are also found in the library and researches are still being carried on to enumerate their historical values.
The Hazarduary Palace with its unique architecture and collection is the main attraction to tourists visiting Murshidabad just by spending Rs. 10 for Indians and nationals from SAARC member countries; and Rs. 100 for other Nationals one can get the taste of the Nawabi cultures. The Palace museum remains closed on Friday's. The visiting hours are from 9 am to 5 pm. SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation) member nations are India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Pakistan.

The propinquity of the Palace to the bank of the scouring Bhagirathi, from the edge of which it is within 40 feet, has been unsafe by some as an act of engineering indiscretion. But the foundation walls, laid so deep, are supposed to afford sufficient protection.

Inaugural Incident

The concrete bed for laying the foundation of the Palace was dug so deep that Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah (হুমায়ুন জাঁ) in descending to it, had to step down a ladder and the close atmosphere, consequent on the depth of the excavation and the large concourse of people that, like a thick wall, stood surrounding it, were responsible for an awkward incident, for His Highness fainted away and had to be helped up, when he had laid foundation stone and declared it to have been well and truly laid.

The Nizamat Kila or Fort Area : nizamat-fort.pdf

References :
  • Bengal District Gazetteers, Murshidabad - By L.S.S. O'Malley (1914)
  • A history of Murshidabad District (Bengal) With Biographies Of Some Of Its Noted Families (1902) - By John Henry Tull

Assistant Superintending Archaeologist PH : 91 (03482) 271605
Address of ASI Kolkata :
Kolkata Circle
CGO Complex (4th floor), Block-DF, Sector-1, Saltlake, Kolkata-700 064
TEL : 91 (033) 23344389, 91 (033) 23343775, FAX : 91 (033) 23344389 EMAIL:asical@vsnl.net

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Hazarduari Palace Museum

Ever since taking over of the museum by the Archaeological Survey of India in 1985 from the Government of West Bengal continuous effort has been made to display the exhibits in a grand scale matching with any large period museum of the country and even abroad. At present the exhibits are displayed in 20 galleries of the museum spread over sprawling halls and rooms and wide corridors.

Download Gallery Plan of Hazarduari Palace Museum : museum-galleries.pdf

Entrance Porch

On both sides of the walled space are displayed a carriage, one of which is a camel carriage and the other a Victorian carriage. These were used by the Nawabs.

The Lobby

In the lobby are displayed some photographs of the monuments at Murshidabad and other parts of Bengal. Besides, photographs of the important exhibits in the Hazarduari Palace Museum and Cooch Bihar Palace museum are also displayed. Towards its east is the landing area of a staircase where some curious exhibits are displayed; one of them is a huge stuffed crocodile another an unusually thick piece of bamboo. Entrance towards the main galleries is obtained from here as orientation of the museum galleries has been made in such a manner that after viewing the armouries in the ground floor visitors to the first floor galleries.
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Gallery No. 1 & 2 (Armoury Wing A & B)

Armoury - Hazarduari Museum
Rich in historical contents and technical skills, the arms and weapons are shown here in a variety ranging from bow and arrow; swords and shields; lances and spears; knives and daggers; guns and rifles; pistols and revolvers, to wheels and cannons. They are often found inscribed with the verses from the holy Koran and noted for their delicate carvings and exquisite workmanship. Mention may be made of a metal helmet and a rhino-shield, which are of great value for their rich calligraphy and royal appendage. The pointed "Jamadhara" and an unique bifurcated sword called "Zulfikar" are normally associated with Mir Qasim (মীরকাশেম). The swords are varied because of their usage. Among the arms displayed the few famous are Sword of Alivardi Khan and Multi barreled rifle, Sword of Siraj-ud-Daulla (সিরাজ-উদ-দৌল্লা) .. etc. The Dagger by which Muhammad-i-Beg killed Siraj-ud-Daulla can also be seen here. Remarkable of all is a cannon, which was used by Mirmadan in the Battle of Plassey (পলাশী) in 1757 AD.

The guns are mostly (1) toradar or match locked, of which there are two kinds, namely Hindi or Indian and Roomi or Turkish; and (2) flint lock, made in Europe and Mongyer in the 16th century and later. The Carabines and Sherbacha are mostly of that period. The pistols, which are match lock, flint lock and percussion cap, are both Indian and European and include among them many presented to the Nawabs by The East India Company. The Swords are of all kinds and periods and countries. Damase swords made at Khorasan by Artizans from Damascus in Timur's time; Ispahani swords manufactured by Asadulla, the great sword maker of the time of Shah Abbas, King of Persia (1571 - 1629 AD), many of which were made for him; Daggers of every kind, namely Afghanistan Chhoras, Peshkubz (Persian), Koroli (Turkish), Qama and Khagar (Arabic); Bhoojalis (Indian); Shields, Bows and Arrows; Mohalas or iron pieces for tusks of fighting elephants. Tabrs and Zafer Takias and other varieties make up a collection. Most of the arms in the Palace Armoury are those actually used in battle by Nazims, their generals, Omras and men. Many of these saw Plassey, Giria, Udaynala etc.. The Swords in the Armoury may be classified as following ::
1 Khorasani 8 Dhope 15 Dumtamacha
2 Ispahani 9 Tega Burdwani 16 Saif
3 Magrabi 10 Nagdaman 17 Mahratti
4 Jenoobi 11 Salawa 18 Lakai
5 Alamani 12 Neemcha 19 Sowsanpatta
6 Dakhni 13 Katti 20 Langercut
7 Scinde 14 Soroi 21 Khanda

On exit from the gallery on the staircase landing area the most interesting exhibit is a damaged Dutch Cannon presented to Nawab Alivardi Khan by the Dutch Government in 1745. It is generally known as the cannon of Mir Madan, a trusted lieutenant of Siraj-ud-Daulla who is said to have died in the battle of Plassey due to the bursting of a cannon. The magic mirrors on the corners provide amusement to the visitors. The walls of the staircase and the upper floor landing contain interesting paintings, mention may be made of 'Fallstaff' by Marchatti.
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Gallery No. 3 (Halls of Royal Exhibits)

Ivory Jhapanak - Hazarduari Museum
Noted for the magnificent display of the masterpieces of paintings, silver and ivory objects, metal and marble Statues this gallery throws a welcome light of the contemporary socio-religious, political and cultural life of the people. This gallery is divided in three halls.

The first part known as the Southeast Royal Exhibits Hall displaying some huge oil paintings of the Nawabs, one of which is of Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah (1824-1838 AD) by Hutchinson and another of Nawab Nazim Feradun Jah (ফেরাদুন জাঁ) (1838-1881 AD) by B. Hudson. One of the prized possessions of this museum is anivory palanquin used by Zebunissa daughter of Aurangzeb (1658 - 1707 AD).

The next part termed as the Central Royal Exhibits also displays a silver Kamal Howdah of Sarfaraz Khan (1739 - 1740 AD), an ivory Tanjam (Sedan Chair) of Shah Jahan (1627 - 1657 AD). Another sedan chair used by Nawab Hassan Ali Mirza (হাসান আলি) (1881-1906 AD) is also displayed.
Silver Kamal Howdah - Hazarduari Museum
The third part of this gallery also reckoned as South-West Royal Exhibits Hall has in its centre an exquisite ivory palanquin like seat for use on elephant back (Jhapanak or ladies palanquin). But the most splendid thing on display is a huge oil painting captioned 'Burial of Sir John Moore' by Marshall. The British General slain in the battle of Corunna at Spain fought between the English and the French was buried unceremoniously. The scene has been captured by the master artist in a superb manner. The incident has found place in a poem of Charles Wolfe titled 'The Burial of Sir John Moore'. The miniature ivories displayed in the gallery retain a traditional art form and carved in lapidaric intricacy to delineate the details of Hindu pantheons while, the marble statues speak of contemporary European art in the soft and sensitive contours.
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Gallery No. 4 (Landscape Gallery)

Landscape Gallery - Hazarduari Museum
The theme of this Gallery is primarily landscape paintings in the palace collection. In this gallery are displayed some remarkable paintings which include the forceful composition of a "Scotch Warrior" by G.Campbell, "Hunting Party" by William Beechey, "The Ocean" by M.B. Pratt, "Sea view" by Schotel, "On the Bosphorus" by D. Temper and the famous "Scene of thirty years war" by Jorgenson. The bronze statues on the marble table top represent the heroic gestures of some bold knights including the sculptures of Nelson and Napoleon Bonaparte and a pair of miniature replicas of the statue of liberty.
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Gallery No. 5 (British Portrait Gallery)

This Gallery exhibits some master pieces of British portraits which include the busts of the Governor Generals of Bengal like Lord Cornwallis (AD 1786-93 and again in 1805), Lord William Bentinck (AD 1828-35) and Baron Auckland and the agents of the East India Company at Murshidabad like Major A. Thompson, Lieutenant Colonel Mackenzie, Major G.H. Macgregor (all by Hudson) and Mr. Caulifield (by Hutchinson). A fascinating array of porcelain vases in various shapes and sizes displayed upon marble table tops provide a rich flavour of European Ceramic art both in colour and variety.
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Gallery No. 6 (Nawab Nazim Portrait Gallery)

Paintings portraying the Murshidabad Nawabs are displayed here in chronological order starting from Murshid Quli Khan (1706-1727 AD) and ending with Waresh Ali Mirza (1959-1969 AD). Brass objects like spouted water pot, ornamental flower vase and wine jar etc. are also on display.
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Gallery No. 7 (Durbar Hall)

Royal Silver Throne - Hazarduari Museum
Durbar Hall Chandelier - Hazarduari Museum
Being the centre of attraction in the entire palace Durbar Hall is conspicuous by its circular plan and vaulted roof with four doors at the cardinal points. A very large crystal Chandelier of exquisite workmanship is suspended in the centre to illuminate the entire hall with ninety six lamps. The grandeur of the hall is projected further by a royal silver throne with its "Chattri" and a Durbari Hookah in front. The marble platform shows the delicacy of intricate lattice work and guilded patterns. Two unique marble candle stands in this hall stand as witnesses of exquisite workmanship of the bygone era.
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Gallery No. 8 (Committee Room)

The left side room of the Durbar hall is the committee room which also displays some valuable objects. On its southern side the silver throne of Nawab Nazim Feradun Jah (ফেরাদুন জাঁ) (1838-1881 AD) is placed on a silver Chouki (stool). On its back at top a large oil painting showing Feradun Jah in the company of high administrative personnel can be seen. The beautifully decoratied ivory sofa is noteworthy. Some oil paintings of the Nawabs are also displayed here.
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Gallery No. 9 (Billiard Room)

The Billiard Room deserves the attention for the magnificent display of two Billiard tables with their accessories and different sitting arrangements besides the two marble chess boards in pietra-dura and the four remarkable paintings. These paintings depict the portrait of "Colonel Duncan McLeod" (architect of this palace) By Hutchinson, "Marquis of Spinola" By Vandyke (1599 - 1641 AD), "The Rival" By Snyders Frans (1579 - 1657 AD) and a superb composition of "French Landscape" By Courbet.
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Gallery No. 10 (Portrait gallery of Dewans & Nazirs)

The display of this gallery is based on paintings, porcelain vase, glass vase, wooden furniture, chandelier etc. Dewans were the ministers of the Nawabs and collectors of revenue, they used to run the day to day administration of the Nizamat affairs. Among them portraits of Jankidas Pandey, Raja Pransanna Narayan Dev by Hudson, Raja Gangadhar Roy are on display along with the portraits of the Nazirs like Amman Ali Khan, Basant Ali Khan and Darwali Khan. An interesting portrait of "Bukshoo Abdar Ghetton" a Glutton (One who over-indulges in and over-consumes food, drink, or intoxicants to the point of waste) can be seen on the western wall of this gallery.
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Gallery No. 11 (Prince Portrait gallery)

Portrait of Ali Jah and Wala Jah - Hazarduari Museum
Porcelain Flower vase - Hazarduari Museum
From a family album of the Nawab's these galleries exhibits some remarkable paintings to speak of their infancy and various other moods. These includes the portraits of Mir Jafar মীরজাফর (1757-60 AD and 1763-65 AD) and his son Miran, Nawab Hassan Ali Mirza হাসান আলি (1881-1906 AD) and Hussain Ali Mirza, together, or accompanied by their sister Wahid-un-nisa Begum by Hudson and Wasef Ali Mirza. The art objects on the side tables comprise porcelain flower vases, cut-glass melon, porcelain bear and the marble statue of a deer and metal horses.
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Gallery No. 12 (Western Drawing Room)

The western drawing room is vibrant with grandeur of western carpet, different sitting arrangements, luxurious sofas, decorative lamps, Ceramics, various clock items including the display of a piano and a barometer besides the large canvas painting of King William IV, Lord Wellesly, Sir Herber Moddok and a small super composition of "Katrine" by Wolic.
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Gallery No. 13 (Archive Gallery)

Archive Gallery - Hazarduari Museum
This gallery of archieval treasure selected from the library and the record room of Hazarduari Palace, Murshidabad, is a spectrum of the rule of Nawabs of Murshidabad in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, of the Mughal empire during the last few centuries. The Nawabs of Murshidabad apart from being rulers and governors of these provinces were indeed connoisseur of art and patron of literature and culture. The exhibits displayed in this gallery have been meticulously selected from a huge collection in such a way that it should provide a picture of the life at the time of "Nizamat" This gallery contains among its exhibits, valuable manuscripts of Persian and Arabic language varying their subject and scope wiz. religion, medicine, history and poetry. The document section contains very rare and important farmans (Royal Orders), proclamations, indentures, formal letters, official correspondence etc. in Persian being the official language of the Mughal emperors and Nawabs, and come of them in English because of the inception of European Companies and British influence in India. These documents also speak of the administrative power of the Nawabs conferred upon them by Mughals, their skill to govern the affairs of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, their relations with the Companies and British administration, their gifts to English friends and an exchange of their greeting and sorrow, their agreements with British powers regarding administration and financial matters and many more aspects of the Nizamat. The calligraphy throwing light on the aesthetic sense of the Nawabs. The royal farman of Mughal emperor Shah Alam II dated AH 1179 (1765 AD), Khat-i-Taziyat (Condolence letter) by Lord Minto on the death of Nawa's grand mother Babbu Begum dated AH 1224 (1809 AD), Private letter of Lord Hastings to Nawab Mubarak Ali Khan date 1787-1788 AD are displayed here.
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Gallery No. 14 & 15 (Periodical Gallery I & II)

Ornamental Silver Dressing table - Hazarduari Museum
These two galleries have been organized for periodical display of the significant objects from a wider range of reserve collections of this museum. Between the two, one exhibits the Ornamental Silver dressing table of exquisite workmanship depicting the relief figure of contemporary socio religious life. Apart from the floral and geometric motifs elegant carvings of celestial numphs and angels are also depicted. A mirror is fitted at the centre surmounted by the royal insignia. This is a masterpiece of silver carving.

The paintings on the walls of the room include 'Windsor Castle' by an English Painter, 'Italian Landscape' by an Italian artist, 'Winter scene in Holland' painted on paper by Vermalin etc. While the other, a silver dinning table containing a series of ornamental trays with flowers and candle stands on it, plates and cutlery and decorative copper chandelier in the form of creepers at the corners. The dinner plates on display have the royal insignia embossed on them. Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah's (হুমায়ুন জাঁ) collection of rare dining plates are notable. The green dining plates were designed to shatter in case poisoned food was served. Some oil paintings like the continental landscape and water colour paintings like lady dressing her hair, a lady in front of a door, a lady serving wine etc. are also displayed on the walls.
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Gallery No. 16 (Central Landing or Main Hall)

Silver Trowel - Hazarduari Museum
Some very important oil paintings associated with the main personalities of the palace are displayed here along with others. A huge painting of Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah shows him holding durbar with courtiers and Colonel Duncan McLeod, the architect of the Palace presinting the plan of the palace to the Nawab. Another historically important oil painting by J.N. Roy represents Robert Clive receiving Dewani of Bengal from Shah Allam II in 1765. Oil paintings of a group of Nawabs of Oudh, Katra Mosque by Girija Shankar, Id-procession in front of Chowk Masjid by J.N. Roy are also displayed. AT the centre of the gallery the Silver Trowel with ivory handle used by Nawab Humayun Jah for laying foundation of the Palace is exhibited.
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Gallery No. 17 (North-East Landing first floor)

A plethora of objects are displayed in this gallery among which some oil paintings like 'Flora' after Titan deserve special mention. A beautiful marble statue of a standing European lady is remarkable
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Gallery No. 18 (North-West Landing first floor)

Some oil paintings like 'Swiss Landscape' by Malleure, 'City of Venice', 'Wind Mill on a hillock' etc. are displayed along with some stone objects, mirrors and chandelier.
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Gallery No. 19 (Painting Gallery)

Painting Gallery - Hazarduari Museum
This gallery has been exclusively organized for display of some of the beautiful paintings in the collection of the Palace. Those deserving mention include "Holy Family" by Francesco Renaldi, an enchanting and lively presentation of 'Baccus and Ariadne' which shows the Greek god of wine trying to induce Greek deity Ariadne, 'Cavaliers of Venice' by Marchatti, 'The Marquis of Spinola' by Van Dyke, Cleopetra, Cinderella by T Young, Colonel Duncan McLeod by Hutchinson etc. A needle work on carpet portraying seated Queen Victoria along with two babies and a litho print of Humayun Manzil (another palace of Humayun Jah) are also interesting.

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Gallery No. 20 (Religious objects Gallery)

Religious Objects - Hazarduari Museum
Unique in its concept this gallery has been organised with the objective to display mainly the objects used during various religious observances of the Nawabs of Murshidabad. Most of the displayed objects were used in the religious purposes of Muharram and Id festival and some were household objects. Important objects on display include a silver helmet (1254 AH) of Nawab Nazim Feradun Jah (ফেরাদুন জাঁ) (1838-1881 AD), silver waist belt and silver tea set of Nawab Wasef Ali Mirza (1906-1959 AD), decorated religious banner with Arabic inscription of Quran, pankha with silver handle of Lutf-un-nisa Begum, Haideri-alam with the Arabic inscription 'Bismilla', five zamana-alams in silver of the period of Nawab Feradun Jah, inscribed silver Panja, silver Chob (lion mask) and two numbers zamana-alams in silver belonging to the period of Nawab Humayun Jah.
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Hazarduari Palace Library

The Library contains a large and varied Collection of Books and most rare and valuable oriental manuscripts. Visitors are not allowed to enter the Library, except special permissions. Graphical embellishments of various kinds, brilliantly colored inks, gold, enamel, highly finished ornamental and floral designs, of every conceivable fanciful and elegant description, make the Korans and other books gorgeous and artistically beautiful. Some mere perfections of the Calligraphers art. The collection of Korans in this library is unique in India. The total number of volumes in the Palace Library, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, English etc. is considerable. The following are only a few specimens :
Hazarduari Palace Library :: Korans
1 Koran, written in Nastaliq Character by Hossein Tabrezi for Nawab Sha Beg Khan. Bears, on the second Page, the Persian royal Sher Khurshed or lion and Sun Coat of arms, which is also painted on the last page of the book, which bears impressions of several seals, indicating ownership at different times namely the seals of :

a) Sultan Mahomed Soleman Meerza Safari Sha of Persia (1153 Hejera) with the crown of Persia.
b) Abul Fazl of Akbar's Court.
c) Nizam-ul-Mulk Moniruddowla Khadem Hossein Khan Nasir Jang.
d) Momtazuddowla Shujaul Mulk Sadat Ali Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Oudh.
e) Iftekharuddowla Mokram-ul-Mulk Syud Hussain Khan Bahadur, Feroze Jang.
f) Serferazuddowla, Nazim-ul-Mulk Hussain Reza Khan Bahadur, Jaffer Jang.

2 Koran, Alumgiri, owned by the Emperor Alumgir for his personal use. Copied in 665 Hejera by Yaqoot Mustasimi, the celebrated Calligrapher, who improved the present Arabic character from the Koofi style.
3 Koran, written by Faizulla Mashadi in the time of Aurangazeb (1105 Hejera) for Meerza Mahomed Kali Beg, the cost Rs 4,515 is endorsed on the book.
4 Koran, calligraphed by Mahomed Abdul Baker Huddad, known as Huddad, the best Calligrapher; 1118 Hejera.
5 Koran, the whole book copied on 16 pages only.
6 Koran, Calligraphed by Yaqoot Raqam Khan. Very rare and one of the oldest properties of the Nizamat.
7 Koran, Khatthkoofi, that is written in Koofi character, on parchment, before the invention of paper or the present Arabic character, probably in the first century of the Hejera. Some pages are missing.
8 Koran written in gold ink very old and rare
9 Koran, written in red ink by Mahomed Mostaqim, profusely illuminated.
10 Koran, calligraphed by Mahomed Areff Yaqoot Raqam Khan, written on gold leaf. Very fine and rare.
11 Koran, calligraphed by Mahomed Afzul, son of Mahomed Ali, on blue paper, with gold ink (1099 Hejera).
12 Pansoora, a small volume containing five chapters of the Koran, written on gold leaf.
13 Koran, written in Cashmere. Beautifully enamelled.
14 Koran belonging to the library of the Emperors of Delhi and bearing the seals of Alumgir and Sha Alam.
15 Koran, a small volume, 2 inches by 2 inches.
16 Koran in the handwriting of Ali, brought from Arabia by Shuja Jhan at a cost of one lac of rupees. Originally kept in the mosque at his mausoleum at Roshni Bagh, was brought to the library.
Hazarduari Palace Library :: Secular Books
1 Morocco, calligraphed by celebrated Persian Meerza Vesal, known as Haji Durbesh, who was unrivalled in the Shafia Character. Ornamented with floral designs, much admired as a work of art.
2 Moroccajat Alamgiri, or selections from the writings of celebrated calligraphers and the works of celebrated painters prepared for Aurangazeb before his accession to the throne of Delhi.
3 Tofeh Asafia, calligraphed by Hafez Nurulla, written by Mahomed Mohsen, the son of Fokruddin Ahmed Khan Bahadur, for Nawab Asfuddowla, Subahdar of Oudh.
4 Timurnamah, written in 1000 Hejera, illustrated old writing.
5 Dewan-e-Laqueeth, Calligraphed by Yaqoot Mustasami in 682 Hejera.
6 A volume containing the following books written for Amir Jelaluddin Khalilulla Bostani in 870 Hejera.
a)  Dewan Amir Khusroo
b)  Dewan Hafez
c)  Dewan Hussan
d)  Dewan Kasem
e) Dewan Maghrabi
f)  Dewan Moulana Saeed
g)  Dewan Toosi
h)  Dewan Resala Anisul Arifin
i)  Resala Maqasemath
j)  Resala Anisur Ashekin
k)  Resala Sawal Jawab
7 Anwar Sohli, calligraphed by Mahomed Yusuf Samarcandi in 940 Hejera in the time of Humayun, the Emperor at Delhi, in very good Nastaliq Character containing many good illustrations. Belonged to the Emperor Akbar. Bears his seal and his signature in the form - "Dida Shud Allah Akber"
8 A volume containing the following books, calligraphed in 992 Hejera by Abdul Kazem, son of Sultan Hossein.
a)  Mukzunul Asrar
b)  Sekundarnamah
c)  Sekundarnamah Behri
d)  Khusroo Sheereen
e)  Laila Majnoo
f)   Bostan Sheik Sadi
g)  Khumsa Nizami
9 Tuzuk Timoori, written by the celebrated Hafez Ibraheem by order of Sha Alam.
10 Selections from Poets, very good handwriting, bears the seal of Sha Alam, to whose library it belonged.
11 Tuzkurah-ut-Shora or the lives of Poets, by Doulat Sha, son of Alauddowla Bakht Sha Ghazi Samarkandi. Caligraphed, in 892 Hejera., for the author, by Mahomed Amen, son of Syud Mahomed. The writing is very good and the matter is enclosed by lines of gold.
12 Akbarnamah, in two volumes. In the hand writing of Abul Fazal Allami, minister of Akbar. This is the original manuscript work in the handwriting of the author himself, namely, Abul Fazal one of the Nabaratna, or Nine Jewels of the court of Akbar.
13 Dewan Maghrabi, calligraphed in 883 Hejera. Bears the seals of the Emperors and belonged to the Imperial Library of Delhi.
14 Tufsir Molla Hosseini, by the son of Ali-ul-waez-ul-Kashefi. Written in 897 Hejera.
15 Subhutool Abrar, by Molla Jami, written in Nastaliq character in 949 Hejera
16 Mustaphanamah, or Universal History, in verse, a very big volume, written for Sha Shuja, the son of Emperor Shah Jahan.
17 Bostan Sadi, in very good Nastaliq character, gilt enamelled and decorated with floral designs. Very old and valuable. Calligraphed by Meerza Mahomed, son of Sha Mahomed Turkestani.
18 Huft Paikur, by Nizami. illustrated, good handwriting.
19 Huft Band Kashi, writing very good. Written for Khan Khanan Monaim Khanm, Subahdar of Bengal in 1574 AD.
20 Shanamah, in Nastaliq character. Illuminated and illustrated throughout. This book was written in 829 Hejera for Shazada Baisanker Khan, the son of Amir Timur, as appears from the preface of the book. Sha Tamash, the second king of Persia of the Saffi Dynasty (975 Hejera) presented the book to Akbar, who presented it to his third son, Sultan Daniel, upon whose death it was inherited by Jahangir.
21 Poetical works of the celebrated poets of Persia, compiled and written in 870 Hejera.
22 Pandanamah Jehangiri, in seven volumes, calligraphed by Mir Emad in 1607  for the Emperor Jahangir in unique Nastaliq character. Mir Emad was a great calligrapher who came to India from Persia in the time of Akbar. These volumes were taken by the English from the Imperial Palace Library of Delhi, during the great Indian Mutiny of 1857 AD and afterwards sold by Messrs Hamilton and Company, the celebrated jewelers of Calcutta, and purchased by the Late Nawab Nazim for Rs 7000. Now it is kept at Calcutta Museum.
23 Seir-ul-Mutaqherin. There is in the Palace Library a manuscript copy of the Seir-ul-Mutaqherin in Persian language, with marginal notes in the author's own handwriting. The Seir-ul-Mutaqherin which means the Review of the times is a very good comprehensive history of the period 1118 to 1195 Hejera. and in its details rivals Roussuae's Confessions or Sully's Memories. The author was Syud Golam Hossein Khan, descended from a Tabatabite of the race of Hussan, and related to Siraj-ud-Daulla, though not quite friendly to him. He commenced the book on Tuesday, the 1st Safar, 1194 Hejera and completed it in one Year.
Hazarduari Palace Library :: Picture Books
1 Recollections of the great Exhibition, 1851 AD
2 Views of Rangoon, 1825 AD
3 Zoological Researches in Java, 1824 AD
4 The Ilaid of Homer, the Odyssey of Homer, the Theogony works and the Days of Hesoid, Compositions from the Tragedies of Aeschylus, designed by John Flaxman and engraved by Thomas Peroli and Frank Howard, 1805-1831 AD.
5 The works of William Hogarth from the original plates, restored by James Heath ( 1697-1764 AD) with explanations of the subjects of the plates by John Nocholas.
6 Picturesque Representation of the Naval and Military and miscellaneous costumes of Great Britain.
7 Early portraits of Queen Victoria.
8 Boydell's graphic Illustrations of Shakespere.
9 Liber Studiorum of Claude Lorraine By F.C. Lewis, 1840 AD.
10 Imitations of Claude Lorraine By F.C. Lewis, 1840 AD.
11 Household Furniture and Interior Decoration, 1807 AD.
12 Mansions of England in the olden time
13 Compositions of the Acts of Mercy, By Flaxman, 1831 AD.
14 Antiquities of London and its Environs, 1791 AD.
15 The Cottar's Saturday Night, 1853 AD.
16 Picturesque Voyage to India by way of China, 1810 AD.
17 Wilkin's sketches in Turkey, Syria and Egypt, 1840 AD.
18 Views of London, 1834 AD.
19 Portraits of the Game and wild animals of Southern Africa, 1840 AD.
20 Twenty-five Imitations of Sir Thomas Lawrence's finest drawings, Sovereigns, Statesmen, Ladies ..etc. Dedicated to the Queen. By F.C. Lewis, 1839 AD.
21 Character and Costumes of  Afghanistan, By Willis Hart.
22 Smyth's sketches of the Canadas
23 English Scenery, By F.C. Lewis.
24 Himalayan Botany, 1839 AD.
25 Eighty-two Prints, engraved by F. Bartolozzi.
26 Panorama of Dacca, containing, among others, the site of the Dacca branch of the banking house of Jagat Seth of Murshidabad.
27 Plantae Asiatical Rariores. Presented to the Directors of the East India Company, 1830 AD.
28 Sketches of the Danube, 1838 AD
29 Illustrations of Constantinople, by F.C. Lewis, 1835 AD.
30 Vie Politique et Militaire de Napolion, 1826 AD.
31 Description and Figures of two hundred fishes of the Coromandal Coast, 1803 AD.
32 The Coronation of George IV, 1839 AD.
33 Dresses of different Nations, ancient and modern, after the designs of Holbern, Vandyke etc, 1772 AD.
34 The Costumes of Hindustan - 1798-1799 AD.

The following are some of the Important Paintings of Hazarduari Museum : Hazarduari Palace Museum :: Important Paintings
SL Painting Artist
1 A Convalescent M.J. Young
2 After School By Meissen
3 After the Storm J. Leedham
4 Baccus and Ariandne
5 Bohemian Landscape Ernest
6 Bolton Abbey Alfred Wither
7 Burrial of Sir John Moore Marshall
8 Cavaliers of Venice Marchatti
9 Cinderella T. Young
10 Colonel McLeod Hutchinson
11 Engel des Fegefeur Herlein
12 Fallstaff Marchatti
13 French Landscape Cacroix
14 French Landscape Courbet
15 German Landscape Franz Hensner
16 Head of harold Lorenz
17 Holy Family Francesco Renaldi
18 Hunting party Sir W. Beechey
19 Indian Mutiny Harris
20 Italian Landscape Mareana
21 Katrine Wolic
22 Landscape R.P. Bonington
23 Landscape in Tuscany Perugia
24 Lieut. Colonel Collin Mackenzie Hudson
25 Linen Bleachers Perout
26 Lorena Pereux
27 Marquis of spinola Vandyke
28 Mary Mcdaleen Morghen
29 Mr. Caulfield Hutchinson
30 Mrs. C Mackenzie Hudson
31 Nawab Nazim Feradun Jah in Durbar Lewis
32 Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah Hutchinson
33 Old Scotland J.S. Rawle
34 On the Bosphorus D. Temper
35 Peasants carousing Rembrandt
36 Scene of 30 Years War Jorgenson
37 Sea View Schotel
38 Temptation of St. Anthony D. Teniers
39 The Berah on the River Hudson
40 The Judgment Sir E. Landseer
41 The Lovers Arquin
42 The Music Party D. Teniers
43 The Ocean M.B. Pratt
44 The Rival Snyders
45 The Scotch Warrior G. Campbell
46 The Sick Cupid Reni
47 Winter Scene in Holland Vermaillin
48 Woman of Samaria Raphael

Download Gallery Plan of Hazarduari Palace Museum : museum-galleries.pdf

Page Updated : November 22, 2016 08:50 pm